St. Teresa Margaret Redi
Virgin of our Order
Feast Day: 1 September

Who was Teresa Margaret Redi?

Quotes of St Teresa Margaret Redi

The grace of "Deus Caritas Est"

St Teresa Margaret's message
for the 21st Century

Prayer for the intercession of St Teresa Margaret

Further Reading

Who was Teresa Margaret Redi?
A brief biography

St. Teresa Margaret was born in 1747 in the Tuscan city of Arezzo, Italy and baptised Anna Maria. She belonged to a noble Italian family of the name "Redi". From early childhood she showed an unusual desire to hear people speak of God. When she was nine, her devout parents sent her to be educated with the Benedictine nuns at Apollonia in Florence. She made her First Holy Communion at the age of ten.

When Anna Maria was sixteen (in September 1763), one of her childhood friends from her home town entered the Carmelite monastery of St Teresa in Florence. After saying farewell to her friend, Anna Maria felt strangely uplifted and happy and suddenly heard a voice speaking to her: "I am Teresa, and I want you to be one of my daughters". So, she entered the Carmelite monastery at Florence on 1st September 1764 at the age of 17.

With the religious name of Sr. Teresa Margaret, this young woman progressed rapidly in her vocation through heroic charity towards others. She sacrificed herself completely and unstintingly to the service of the nuns in the community, a number of whom were elderly and bedridden. With great maturity, she endured much abuse from one mentally disturbed old nun under her care.  Three years after her entrance to Carmel, Sr Teresa Margaret received a special grace of contemplative insight based on St John's phrase "God is love", and this led her to an even deeper life of love and self-sacrifice.

Teresa Margaret died in Florence in 1770 and was beatified by Pope Pius XI in 1929. She was canonized also by Pope Pius XI on 19 March 1934. Her body, which remains incorrupt to this day, rests in a glass shrine in the Carmelite monastery church in Florence.

Quotes of St Teresa Margaret Redi

I propose to have no other purpose in all my activities, either interior or ex­terior, than the motive of love alone, by constantly asking myself: ‘Now what am I doing in this action? Do I love God?’ If I should notice any obstacle to pure love, I shall take myself in hand and recall that I must seek to return my love for His love
She who is silent everywhere finds peace

Lord, I shall be yours, whatever the cost,
despite all repugnance
Always receive with equal contentment from God’s hand either consolations or sufferings, peace or distress, health or illness. Ask nothing, refuse nothing, but always be ready to do and to suffer anything that comes from His Providence
I am resolved to give complete obedience in everything without exception, not only to my superiors, but also to my equals and inferiors, so as to learn from you, my God, who made yourself obedient in far more difficult circumstances than those in which I find myself.

The Grace of "Deus caritas est" - God is love

One Sunday after Pentecost, on the 28th of June, 1767, when Sister Teresa Margaret was officiating in choir, she read out the little chapter at Terce: “Deus caritas est.” She had heard these words repeatedly, Sunday after Sunday, for the past three years, but now it seemed as though she understood them for the first time - or rather, her understanding of them was raised to an entirely different plane. The verse struck her with the force of a revelation: “God is love; he who dwells in love dwells in God, and God in him.” This dwelling had been the goal of all her striving, seeking as she did to imitate the interior life and hidden operations of Christ. From that day onwards the necessity of proving her love by deeds became so compelling a force that it was obvious to her sisters that some special grace had been given her. “Nobody comes to the Father except through Jesus,” she said. “To come to God who is everything and consequently all good, no fatigue must seem to us too great; we must not be put off either by the difficulties we meet on the way, but accept bitterness and welcome every kind of cross with eagerness. By these means, which are precisely those of Jesus Christ, it is not difficult to come to the true God, to live in charity, to walk in love.”

Despite her customary reticence and assiduity in concealing any graces or spiritual favors, the fact that something out of the ordinary had taken place on that Sunday morning was apparent to all. For days the young nun seemed quite out of herself, and the sudden illumination that the words had sent flooding into her soul is difficult to explain, because of the seeming triviality of the incident and her own habitual silence about such things. It marked the beginning of a new stage in her spiritual life, as Father Ildefonse was quick to observe. From this time, he noticed that the quiet, self-possessed and reserved sister appeared to withdraw even more into herself, becoming engrossed in a silent, determined, and conscious awareness of the presence within her, and her endeavors to attain to perfect union with Him. However, this withdrawal was a purely spiritual matter, and there was no suggestion of cutting herself adrift from the community, for she continued to give herself wholeheartedly to all, in her services as infirmarian, in companionship and sympathy at recreation, and in never avoiding her share of work on the grounds of seeking more solitude.

Speaking to Father Ildefonse one day, she tried to express to him something of the significance those words "God is Love" now held for her, but she became almost incoherent in her emotion. “Just as the soul in the state of grace (which is charity) is in God, God is in her. Just as the soul lives the life of God, so does God in a certain way live IN her. And so it is that between them there is but a single life, a single love ... God alone! The difference is that God has all by essence, whereas the creature has it only by participation and grace.” And, adds Father Ildefonse, “Note that these words came from a simple child who had never studied and knew no theology apart from what her instinct taught her.” 
Father Ildephonse reflecting on her death remarked “she could not have lived very much longer so great was the strength of the love of God in her”.

St Teresa Margaret's message for the 21st Century
Adapted from the Acts of the Canonization of St Teresa Margaret

In January 2006, Pope Benedict released his first encyclical letter to the world. It has the title "Deus Caritas Est" - God is love. He said: "I wish in my first Encyclical to speak of the love which God lavishes upon us and which we in turn must share with others...." In today's world where the name of God is sometimes associated with vengeance or even a duty of hatred and violence, this message is both timely and significant. It is also a message of comfort and hope for a weary world, where natural disasters, wars and conflicts, poverty, famine and economic difficulties are ever more in the news. And yet, this message of the Pope is not new - it echoes the special grace that St Teresa Margaret received during her short life. Her example shows us how to live out of this conviction that God is love.

St Teresa Margaret found rest in God alone. Her purity of heart and her lowliness of spirit brought her to a high degree of charity. She could hardly speak of God without her face becoming suffused with joy. Her love of God went hand in hand with a deep love for her neighbour and especially for sinners, for whom she offered herself unreservedly to God. Her unassuming kindness and complete self-denial for the sake of her sisters, especially the sick, were such that she was regared as an angel of charity.

What was the source of her great love? Teresa Margaret had great devotion to the Eucharist, and looked forward with longing to her Holy Communions. She was also especially devoted to the Sacred Heart of Jesus and to Our Lady whom she regarded as her model and protector. Teresa Margaret also reflected daily on the glories of eternal life and she spent much time in contemplative prayer.

Despite great suffering towards the end of her life, Teresa Margaret remained full of fervent love. This martyrdom of the heart won for her and for others many benefits, and spurred her on to even greater love. Her example shows us what is needed in the world today - souls to imitate her example in loving God and others
. Pope Benedict's encyclical has been simply a reminder to us to look to saints like Teresa Margaret for support and inspiration: "The saints are the true bearers of light within history, for they are men and women of faith, hope and love..."

Prayer for the Intercession
of St Teresa Margaret Redi


you enabled Saint Teresa Margaret Redi

to draw untold resources of humility and charity from the fountain-head, our Saviour.

Through her prayers may we never be separated from the love of Christ.

Grant this through Christ, our Lord.

Wikipedia listing:

Pope Benedict XVI's encyclical letter "Deus Caritas Est":

The text on this page has been taken from the Carmelite liturgy for St Teresa Margaret, various internet sources and also from the "Calendar of Carmelite Saints" published by the Carmelite Friars, Singapore

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